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Chain Authentication

Chain Authentication is the process of authenticating a document through multiple tiers of certification, often required by countries not part of the Hague Convention.

Steps in Chain Authentication

  1. Local or state-level authentication.

  2. Ministry of Foreign Affairs authentication.

  3. Embassy or Consulate authentication.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is Chain Authentication the same as Apostille?

No, Chain Authentication is a more cumbersome process, typically for countries not part of the Hague Convention.

How long does Chain Authentication take?

It can take weeks or even months, depending on various bureaucratic factors.

Is Chain Authentication more expensive than Apostille?

Yes, generally, due to multiple levels of authentication, the process can be more expensive.

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